Pace of hiring picks up in US


Jobs data bring cheer to world markets but fail to make a dent in US unemployment rate, stuck at 9.6 per cent.

The US economy generated 150,000 jobs in October,
with much of the gains coming in the private sector [Reuters]

Better than expected US jobs data have helped prop up stocks following huge gains in the wake of the Federal Reserve’s decision to pump $600bn in newly created money into the economy. Europe’s main markets and Wall Street futures had been trading lower before the US labour department reported on Friday that the economy generated 151,000 jobs in October, way more than the 60,000 consensus in the markets. The report also showed that private hiring rose 159,000 – double market expectations. Economists had expected payrolls to increase a modest 60,000 last month, with private employment rising 75,000. Furthermore, data for August and September were revised to show 110,000 fewer jobs were lost than previously thought. The dollar surged following the publication of the labour data while bond prices retreated. However, stocks slipped as investors pocketed profits after markets hit a two-year high on Thursday. “That’s not good enough, the unemployment rate is still unacceptably high and we’ve got a lot of work to do,” Barack Obama, the US president, said in a White House reaction to the jobs figures.
  European rally
In Europe, the FTSE 100 index of leading British shares was up 3.30 points, or 0.1 per cent, at 5,866.18 on Friday, a day after it had closed at its highest level since June 2008. France’s CAC-40 rose 9.04 points, or 0.2 per cent, at 3,925.82. Germany’s DAX was 16.03 points, or 0.2 per cent, higher at 6,750.72, a day after it joined the FTSE to close at a 28-month high. In the US, the Dow Jones industrial average was down 11.20 points, or 0.1 per cent, at 11,423.64 soon after the open while the broader Standard & Poor’s 500 index was up a little less than a point at 1,221.85. On Thursday, the Dow closed at its highest level since just before US investment bank Lehman Brothers collapsed in September 2008 and the S&P hit a 2010 high. Overall, the jobs-growth figures of Friday failed to make a dent in the US unemployment rate, which remained at 9.6 per cent for a third straight month, in line with market expectations. Concern over the lifeless job market was a factor behind the Federal Reserve’s decision this week to pump an additional $600bn into the economy through government bond purchases to push interest rates down further and stimulate demand. The US central bank, which cut overnight interest rates to near zero in December 2008, had already bought about $1.7tn in government debt and mortgage-linked bonds. Analysts said the data was not strong enough to knock the Fed off its new policy course, but it tempered speculation the central bank might have to step up its bond buying.
  Political fallout
The economy would need to create at least 125,000 jobs a month on a sustained basis to make a noticeable dent in unemployment. Still, private hiring has come in above 100,000 in each of the past four months – an encouraging sign. Anger over joblessness helped the Republican Party wrest control of the House of Representatives from Democrats in elections on Tuesday, which were viewed as a referendum on Obama’s economic policies. In his remarks, Obama renewed a call for small business tax breaks, new infrastructure spending, aid for the jobless and an extension of soon-to-expire tax cuts for the middle class. John Boehner, the House Republican leader, said tax cuts for wealthier Americans also needed to be extended. “Stagnant and stubbornly high unemployment makes clear why permanently stopping all the looming tax hikes should top Washington’s to-do list this month,” he said.

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